Moscow English Club
IMPERIUM CHRISTIANUM
LOUIS IX King of France (Saint Louis)
Born 25 April 1214 at Poissy, France, died 25 August 1270 at Tunis, Algeria of natural causes; relics house at Saint Denis, Paris, France until destroyed in the French Revolution in 1793. Canonized - 1297. Memorial - 25 August; formerly 24 August
Son of King Louis VIII and Blanche of Castile. King of France at age eleven; his mother ruled as regent until he reached 22, and he reigned for 44 years. He made numerous judicial and legislative reforms. Promoted Christianity in France; established religious foundations, aided mendicant orders, propagated synodal decrees of the Church, built leper hospitals, and collected relics. Married Marguerite of Provence at age 19, and father of eleven. Supported Pope Innocent IV in war against Emperor Frederick II of Germany. Franciscan tertiary. Led two Crusades and died on one.

LOUIS XIV, King of France (St-Germain-en-Laye 5 Sep 1638-Versailles 1 Sep 1715); m.1st by proxy at Fuenterrabia 3 Jun 1660 and in person at St-Jean-de-Luz 9 Jun 1660 Maria Teresa Infanta of Spain (Madrid 20 Sep 1638-Versailles 30 Jul 1683); m.2d at Versailles ca 12 Jun 1684 Francoise d'Aubigne, cr 1688 Marquise de Maintenon et du Parc (Niort 27 Nov 1635-St.Cyr 15 Apr 1719)

Louis Philippe, Duc d'Orleans, heir male of Philippe, Duc d'Orleans (see chart), assumed the throne as LOUIS PHILIPPE, King of the French, after his distant cousin, King CHARLES X, was ousted in 1830. He himself was ousted during the revolutions of 1848. He was b.at the Palais Royal 6 Oct 1773 and d.at Claremont House, Surrey 26 Aug 1850. He m.at Palermo 25 Nov 1809 Maria Amelia Pss of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (Caserta 26 Apr 1782-Claremont House 24 Mar 1866)

Emperor FRANZ II Joseph Karl, who in 1806 abdicated as Holy Roman Emperor and became Emperor FRANZ of Austria, (Florence 12 Feb 1768-Vienna 2 Mar 1835); m.1st Vienna 6 Jan 1788 Elisabeth Dss of Wurttemberg (Treptow 21 Apr 1767-Vienna 18 Feb 1790); m.2d by proxy at Naples 15 Aug 1790 and in person at Vienna 19 Sep 1790 Maria Teresa Pss of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (Naples 6 Jun 1772-Vienna 13 Apr 1807); m.3d Vienna 6 Jan 1808 Maria Ludowika Archdss of Austia-Este (Monza 14 Dec 1787-Verona 7 Apr 1816); m.4th by proxy at Munich 29 Oct 1816 and in person at Vienna 10 Nov 1816 Caroline Auguste Pss of Bavaria (Mannheim 8 Feb 1792-Vienna 9 Feb 1873)

Albert EDWARD VII (1841 - 1910), King of Great Britain and Ireland, Emperor of India, Pr. of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, etc.
Edward VII was born on November 9, 1841, the eldest son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. He married Princess Alexandra of Denmark (1844 - 1925) in 1863 and they had three sons and three daughters. Queen Victoria would not involve Edward, Prince of Wales, in official government matters and Edward chose to indulge in a wild social life becoming implicated more than once in divorce cases.
Edward succeeded to the throne upon Victoria's death in 1901, the original Coronation date being set for 26th June 1902, but, due to illness, it was postponed until 9th August 1902.
Despite his reputation, Edward VII was committed to his regal role. He played an active part in foreign policy, for example, and despite his social indiscretions was popular as a monarch.
Edward died at Sandringham on May 6, 1910, after a series of heart attacks. His coffin lay in state in Westminster Hall before being taken through the streets of London and on to Windsor by train. The funeral was held in St George's Chapel where he was buried on May 20th 1910.

PAUL I, Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias (Summer Palace 1 Oct 1754-murdered at Michaels Palace 24 Mar 1801); m.1st St.Petersburg 10 Oct 1773 Wilhelmine (who took the name Natalia Alexeivna), Landgravine of Hesse-Darmstadt (Prenzlau 25 Jun 1755-St.Petersburg 26 Apr 1776); m.2d St.Petersburg 7 Oct 1776 Sophie (who took the name Maria Feodorovna), Dss of Wurttemberg (Stettin 25 Oct 1759-St.Petersburg [some sources say Pavlovsk] 5 Nov 1828)